Holocaust Memorial Museum. This photograph, taken by a camp physician, was entered as evidence during the Doctors Trial at Nuremberg. Some had resisted the Nazi regime; they were spies and rebels. The internees were burned alive by guards who set fire to the crude huts in which the prisoners slept, shooting any who tried to escape. That changed inwhen Auschwitz announced it had reached maximum capacity and closed its gates to new arrivals. Special trucks had been converted by the SS into portable gas chambers.
There are many dead bodies.
World War II: The Holocaust
In June, Hitler took a tremendous military gamble by invading the Soviet Union. Czeslawa Kwoka, age 14, appears in a prisoner identity photo provided by the Auschwitz Museum, taken by Wilhelm Brasse while working in the photography department at Auschwitz, the Nazi-run death camp where some 1. The Nazis then began carefully tallying up the actual figures and also required Jews to register all of their assets. They were vulnerable to rape, sterilization experiments, and forced abortions. Bodies lie piled against the walls of a crematory room in a German concentration camp in Dachau, Germany. They had different socioeconomic backgrounds, different levels of education, and different religious views. Before burial, all German civilians in the vicinity were ordered to view the victims.